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Yekaterinburg

Yekaterinburg is the third largest cities of the Russian Federation. It is an administrative capital of the Sverdlovsk Region and the Ural Federal District. Nowadays the city is an important centre of industry, transport, finance, science and culture.

The city was founded in 1723 and is situated in the heart of the Eurasian continent, on the border of Europe and Asia and in the middle of the Ural Mountain Range. It is located on the eastern slope of the Ural Mountains along the Iset River (the tributary of the Tobol River).

The city is at 1667 kilometers' distance away from Moscow and at 7635 kilometers' distance away from Vladivostok. The time zone of Yekaterinburg is UTC+6 (two hours ahead of Moscow and six hours ahead of Greenwich). A flight from Moscow to Yekaterinburg takes two hours, while a train trip takes 25 hours.

Yekaterinburg was built as the capital of the mining region, spread on a wide area on both sides of the Ural mountain range on the territory of two continents – Europe and Asia. In the early years of its existence, Yekaterinburg plant was ahead of all other metallurgical enterprises not only the country but also the world in the matter of technological equipment.

Empress Catherine I gave the name to Yekaterinburg, and Empress Catherine II gave it the status of the city in 1781. Тhe main road of the Russian Empire was built through a young city. Yekaterinburg became the key city to vast and rich Siberia, "a window to Asia", just as St.Petersburg was Russia's "window to Europe".

Since the 1830s, Yekaterinburg became the center of mechanical engineering. Since the beginning of 19th century Yekaterinburg became a city of gold and precious stones. In 1824, 85 t precious metal deposits were open in "Yekaterinburg golden valley" as it was called.

Ural artists' works on the stone became famous around the world. For example, Yekaterinburg masters made the map of France out of precious stones for the opening of the World Exhibition in Paris in 1900.

The fact that in the last quarter of the XIX century, Russia has witnessed a boom of railway construction played an important role in trade and economic development of the city. Yekaterinburg in particular became the place where roads to provincial Perm and industrial Nizhniy Tagil met, and through the trade city, called Chelyabisk, Yekaterinburg got access to the world's longest Trans-Siberian Railway.

In autumn of 1923 Yekaterinburg became the administrative center of the Ural region. In 1924, the city was renamed to Sverdlovsk in honor of one of the leaders of the Bolshevik Party. The process of socialist industrialization transformed the metallurgical capital of the Urals in many ways. This is where the world's largest metallurgical and engineering plants started working. Almost simultaneously with the construction of new buildings of the plant the construction of a large-scale house-communes for workers started. This project embodied an image of an ideal city.

One of the most tragic pages of the Russian history linked with Yekaterinburg. In 1918 the last Russian Emperor Nikolas II and his family spent their last days in Yekaterinburg, before they where shut to the death and buried outside of the city. In 2003 the Cathedral on the Blood was erected on the site where the Royal Family had been murdered, the Monastery and the Memorial – on sites, where they were buried.

In period of World War II, Sverdlovsk promptly turns into the centre where a large number of evacuated enterprises were established. Art funds of the kept priceless works of art from Hermitage and Moscow Kremlin museums. Thousands of wounded soldiers were treated and healed in the hospitals of the city. Residential areas for workers of evacuated enterprises were built on the outskirts of the city during and after World War II. During the war years Sverdlovsk becomes the largest industrial center of Russia.

In the postwar period, the city continues to hold a leading position in the key sectors of the state economy. In the 1960s, new large settlements grew around the large industrial enterprises of the city. Modern buildings and new residential areas considerably changed the face of the Ural capital. In 1967, the number of citizens exceeded one million, thus Sverdlovsk became one of the first Russian cities with over a million dwellers. In 1991, the city regained its historical name – Yekaterinburg.

There are 12 theatres, 2 philharmonic societies, 50 museums, 25 galleries and exhibition halls and a circus in Yekaterinburg. The history of the Opera House began back in 1912, and it is one of the oldest theatres in Russia.

To know more http://www.ekaterinburg.com/city/

10 THINGS YOU SHOULD DO IN YEKATERINBURG

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  1. Try to believe your eyes in the Yekaterinburg museum of fine arts
    Unique iron casting of 19-20th centuries is one of the central parts of the Yekaterinburg museum of fine arts collection. Production of the Kastlinsky factory has a special place in this collection. A top level of the skill of the workmanship of this well-know factory was tracery iron pavilion designed by architect E. Baumgartner for the World Exhibition in Paris in 1900. Authors of this pavilion have imitated different architectural forms and textures only using iron.

  2. Get lost in a literary quarter and refuse to go back
    Among white stone mansions of the “Literary quarter” you will find fancy wooden chamber with a silvery roof of different height and high porch with delicate railing and shed, with circular and semicircular windows and lofty doors with wood engraving and patterns. Museum of literary life of Urals of XIX century is situated in this striking building – heritage of the Art Nouveau wooden architecture. Quarter includes as well house-museum of D. Mamin-Sibiryak, house-museum of F. Reshetnikov, museum of dolls and children book “Wonderland” – branches of the United museum of Ural writers. As well you will find Chamber Theater and a park with summer stage.

  3. Practice keyboard walking and join The Beatles
    In Yekaterinburg you will find a lot of monuments. Besides traditional ones – recently opened monument to Boris Yeltsin or to founders of the city V. Tatishev and De Genin, here you could find gigantic keyboard and silhouette of members of the “Beatles” and make unforgettable pictures.

  4. Go to Sverdlowood
    There is an exposition about pictures that where filmed on the Sverdlovsk film studios in the main hall of it. Many of them became part of the capital of Russian cinematography. As well there is a wonderland park “Galileo” where you could try different wonders of physics.

  5. Find yourself in London
    Near the entrance to the building of the Sverdlovsk film studios you will see Red telephone box – it is the entrance to the small bar, where you could have coffee and bagel. In Yekaterinburg you could make a lot of gastronomic journeys: Australian beef-steak with live music, hummus with falafel from Odessa, Dolma in magnificent eastern restaurants… Every trip you could finish in a “Brut” bar, where you could just tell the barmen how you feel and he will prepare something for you.

  6. Choose your performance and do not lose anyway
    In the theater of musical comedy you could see “Violinist on the roof”, “Catherine the Great” or “Silicone silly woman”. In majestic Drama Theater you should watch “Remembering prayer”. Opera Theater and Philharmonic is separate pride of citizens. Ivan Kolada is a visit card of the city, whose staging received a lot of prizes of the theater festivals.

  7. Get to the former quarter of Special Agents to see the dream of young soviet country realized in constructivist architecture


  8. Hold your breath in the museum of history and archeology of the Urals
    Big Shigirsky idol – the oldest wooden religious obelisk in the world (more than 9500 years old) – will cast a spell over you. The height of the idol is more than 5 miters. To see this idol you will have to visit ex-House of culture named after F. Dzerzinsky with its well-known spiral stairs up the whole four floors – one of the major monument of soviet constructivism.

    On the last floor of the museum a small round hall is located, dedicated to the one of the most tragic pages in city history – the last Russian Emperor Nicolas II and his family during they were staying in Yekaterinburg and then shut to the death in the Ipatiev’s House in 1918.

    http://www.uole-museum.ru/

  9. Find yourself in different parts of the world at the same timeIn some kilometers from the city there is a border between Europe and Asia. It is unique place in the world where you could stay in different parts of the world without moving.

  10. Climb to Visotsky
    It is a tower named, which name is based on the play on words. Vladimir Visotsky – it is the well-known Russian poet, singer and actor, who worked in the Tanganka Theater. He lived in Moscow and in Paris as he was a husband of an actress Marina Vladi. There is a museum of Vladimir Visotsky situated in this tower.



    The point is that his surname based on the Russian word “visokiy” which means “very tall”. This building was included in the Guinness Record Book in the nomination “The tallest multifunctional business-center in the Ural-Siberian and Central-Asian regions” with its almost 200 m heigt. Visotsky tower is the heist building in Yekaterinburg. From its roof you could see the panorama of the city which will hold FIFA World Cup 2018.