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Sverdlovsk region

Yekaterinburg is the capital of the Sverdlovsk region. It is the biggest region of Urals and occupies middle and northern parts of Ural mountains and part of West Siberian lowland.

The highest mountains all rise in the North Urals (Konzhakovsky Kamen at 1,569 m and Denezhkin Kamen at 1,492 m). About 70 % of region is covered by forest and there are 18604 rivers and more than 2500 lakes and as well a lot of artificial pounds which were constructed in XVIII century for factories as resources of energy.

The area enjoys continental climate patterns, with long cold winters (average temperatures reaching −15 °C (5 °F) to −25 °C (−13 °F) on the Western Siberian Plain) and short warm summers. Only in the southeast of the oblast do temperatures reach +13 °C (55 °F) in July.

Rich in natural resources, the oblast is especially famous for metals (iron, copper, gold, and platinum), minerals (asbestos, gemstones, talcum), marble and coal. It is mostly here that the bulk of Russian industry was concentrated in the 18th and 19th centuries. The region's industries are quite diverse. 12% of Russia's iron and steel industry is still concentrated in Sverdlovsk oblast. Iron and copper are mined and processed here, the logging industry and wood-processing are important, too.

Ekaterinburg Koltsovo International Airport is Russia’s largest regional airport. Over 30 Russian and foreign airlines connect Ekaterinburg with more than 80 cities of the world and, thanks to convenient transfers at international hubs, with practically any place in the world.

Historical and cultural heritage of Sverdlovsk region counts more than 1250 monuments that are connected with industrial heritage. As well there are 1495 archeological monuments and 45 architectural monuments.

The Seven Wonders of the Sverdlovsk region:

  1. Natural reserve “The streams of deers”

  2. Verhotursky Kremlin (constructed in 1698 - 1712) – the only stone Kremlin in Urals

  3. Open air museum of wooden architecture in Nizniya Sinachiha with architectural objects of XVII – XIX cc.

  4. The Leaning Tower of Nevyansk (XVIII c). The height of the tower is 57.5 meters, the deviation of the top part of the tower from a right angle is currently 2.20 meters.

  5. Alapayevsk – is one of the oldest centers of ferrous metallurgy in the Urals with the first factory built in 1704. The town proper was founded in 1781. Also famous for the Memorial house-museum of Pyotr Tchaykovsky.
  6. Memorial house of Pavel Bazov in Sysert’.
  7. The place of the death of the Emperor Nicolas II and his family.